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Archive for December, 2007

Sometimes I get bored with my login screen. Then I try to figure out, which is the most easy way to change it. Then I came out with this solution. For your information, all your login themes are stored in /usr/share/gdm/themes directory. For default, there are 6 themes that you can choose. You can download from the internet or create your own new one if you want to have more options.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ cd /usr/share/gdm/themes
taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/gdm/themes$ ls -l
total 24
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-12-01 07:54 circles
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-12-01 07:54 happygnome
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-12-01 07:54 happygnome-list
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2007-12-16 06:33 Human
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-10-16 06:21 HumanCircle
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2007-10-16 06:21 HumanList

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/gdm/themes$

You don’t have to change any xml scripts, all you have to do is just choose a theme and replace the background with your one picture. To see the available themes, open System > Administration > Login window then open the Local Tab. For this sample I choose Human theme.

loginscreen1.png

The idea is just replace the background.png with your picture. I suggest to make a copy of original background.png in case you want to use it back. You can’t drag your picture from your directory to /usr/share/gdm/themes/Human directory because you don’t have permissions to write to this folder.

 

loginscreen2.png
Open Application > Accessories > Terminal.
taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ cd /usr/share/gdm/themes/Human
taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/gdm/themes/Human$ ls -l
total 624
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 387387 2007-12-16 06:33 background.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 5910 2007-04-04 16:32 bottom_bar.svg
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 5221 2007-04-04 16:32 boundingbox.svg
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 289 2007-10-12 21:28 GdmGreeterTheme.desktop
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-10-16 06:21 gtk-2.0
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 4314 2007-04-04 16:32 Human.xml
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 412 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-language-active.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 412 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-language.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 414 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-language-prelight.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 292 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-reboot-active.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 316 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-reboot.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 295 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-reboot-prelight.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 819 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-session-active.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 575 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-session.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 819 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-session-prelight.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 387 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-shutdown-active.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 616 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-shutdown.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 576 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-shutdown-prelight.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 18023 2007-04-04 16:32 screenshot.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 134015 2007-04-04 16:32 ubuntu.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 2703 2007-04-04 16:32 userentry.svg

 

Step 1. Create a back up for your background image (if you need it).
taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/gdm/themes/Human$ sudo cp background.png background.png.backup
taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/gdm/themes/Human$

 

Step 2. Go to your Picture directory and copy the picture to theme directory to replace the theme background picture.
taufanlubis@toshiba:~/MyData/Pictures/Wallpaper Mac4Linux$ sudo cp Mac-OS-X-Tiger-2-1680×1050.jpg /usr/share/gdm/themes/Human/background.png

 

Your old file picture file name: Mac-OS-X-Tiger-2-1680×1050.jpg
Your new file name: background.png
The sharpness of the picture will be depend on the pixel size.
That’s it.
Now, you can log out to see your new login screen.

 

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By default, xmms doesn’t provide additional skins. So, you have to download it. It you used Windows and winamp before, the methods is almost the same. Just copy the skins to winamp folder or xmms directory in Linux.

After you download the skin, then copy it to /usr/share/xmms/Skins.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~/MyData/Themes$ cd Skins\ XMMS/

taufanlubis@toshiba:~/MyData/Themes/Skins XMMS$ ls -lh

total 1.1M

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 175K 2005-06-28 07:19 Amp2000_V2.60.zip

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 193K 2005-06-28 07:19 destruction.zip

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 94K 2005-06-28 07:19 FONY-waskinbyshinter.kultdesign1-0.zip

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 86K 2005-06-28 07:19 keramik.zip

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 17K 2005-06-28 07:19 lcd.zip

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 23K 2005-06-28 07:19 SigelOS-Blue-XMMS.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 22K 2005-06-28 07:19 SigelOS-Green-XMMS.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 22K 2005-06-28 07:19 SigelOS-Orange-XMMS.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 22K 2005-06-28 07:19 SigelOS-Red-XMMS.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 22K 2005-06-28 07:19 SigelOS-Yellow-XMMS.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 122K 2005-06-28 07:19 xmmsuse-1.0-1.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 149K 2005-06-28 07:19 xmmsuse_blue-1.2-2.tar.gz

-rw-r–r– 1 taufanlubis taufanlubis 70K 2005-06-28 07:19 XMMS-Ximian-South.zip

taufanlubis@toshiba:~/MyData/Themes/Skins XMMS$

 

taufanlubis@toshiba:~/MyData/Themes/Skins XMMS$ sudo cp * /usr/share/xmms/Skins/

[sudo] password for taufanlubis:

taufanlubis@toshiba:~/MyData/Themes/Skins XMMS$ cd /usr/share/xmms/Skins

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/xmms/Skins$ ls -l

total 1136

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 178199 2007-12-15 06:17 Amp2000_V2.60.zip

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 61173 2007-06-27 22:03 debfskin.tar.gz

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 197036 2007-12-15 06:17 destruction.zip

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 95720 2007-12-15 06:17 FONY-waskinbyshinter.kultdesign1-0.zip

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 87083 2007-12-15 06:17 keramik.zip

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 16785 2007-12-15 06:17 lcd.zip

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 23037 2007-12-15 06:17 SigelOS-Blue-XMMS.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 22491 2007-12-15 06:17 SigelOS-Green-XMMS.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 22337 2007-12-15 06:17 SigelOS-Orange-XMMS.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 22331 2007-12-15 06:17 SigelOS-Red-XMMS.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 21865 2007-12-15 06:17 SigelOS-Yellow-XMMS.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 124336 2007-12-15 06:17 xmmsuse-1.0-1.tar.bz2

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 151859 2007-12-15 06:17 xmmsuse_blue-1.2-2.tar.gz

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 70864 2007-12-15 06:17 XMMS-Ximian-South.zip

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/xmms/Skins$

That’s it.

To change the skin, just open xmms application, click on the top corner left button, choose options then Skin Browser. Or, you click on xmms application then type Alt-S to open the skin browser.

Then click ‘Add directory‘, select usr > share > xmms > Skins then click OK.

xmms-skin1.png

Now, you have your new xmms skins. Click any name and xmms application’s skin will automatically change.

xmms-skin2.png

sample:

xmms-skin3.png

 

If you need the skins above, just email me to ifanlbs at indosat do net dot id.

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XMMS is the X Multimedia System. It is used to play audio and other kinds of media files. By default XMMS can play MPEG audio, Ogg Vorbis, RIFF wav, most module formats and a few other formats. XMMS can be extended through plugins to play a number of other audio and video formats.

XMMS’ display is almost the same with Winamp ver. 2.x in Windows. A lot of Linux Distro put xmms as a default package. You can run it through Application > Sound & Video > XMMS or through run command, Alt-F2, then type xmms.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get install xmms

Reading package lists… Done

Building dependency tree

Reading state information… Done

The following NEW packages will be installed:

xmms

0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.

Need to get 0B/2152kB of archives.

After unpacking 6443kB of additional disk space will be used.

Selecting previously deselected package xmms.

(Reading database … 126207 files and directories currently installed.)

Unpacking xmms (from …/xmms_1%3a1.2.10+20070601-1_i386.deb) …

Setting up xmms (1:1.2.10+20070601-1) …

Processing triggers for libc6 …

ldconfig deferred processing now taking place

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

xmms.png

xmms2.png

 

 

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Dia is an application for creating technical diagrams. Its interface and features are loosely patterned after the Windows program Visio. Features of Dia include multiple-page printing, export to many formats (EPS, SVG, CGM and PNG), and the ability to use custom shapes created by the user as simple XML descriptions. Dia is useful for drawing UML diagrams, network maps, and flowcharts.

You can read the manual from Help menu in the main screen. The document is made under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. Actually, the manual was created for Dia 0.5, but you still can use it for Dia 0.96.1.

 

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get install dia

Reading package lists… Done

Building dependency tree

Reading state information… Done

The following extra packages will be installed:

dia-common dia-libs

Recommended packages:

gsfonts-x11

The following NEW packages will be installed:

dia dia-common dia-libs

0 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.

Need to get 3301kB of archives.

After unpacking 21.4MB of additional disk space will be used.

Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y

WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated!

dia-common dia-libs dia

Install these packages without verification [y/N]? y

Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com gutsy/main dia-common 0.96.1-3 [2392kB]

Get:2 http://archive.ubuntu.com gutsy/main dia-libs 0.96.1-3 [716kB]

Get:3 http://archive.ubuntu.com gutsy/universe dia 0.96.1-3 [192kB]

Fetched 3301kB in 1m3s (51.9kB/s)

Selecting previously deselected package dia-common.

(Reading database … 115213 files and directories currently installed.)

Unpacking dia-common (from …/dia-common_0.96.1-3_all.deb) …

Selecting previously deselected package dia-libs.

Unpacking dia-libs (from …/dia-libs_0.96.1-3_i386.deb) …

Selecting previously deselected package dia.

Unpacking dia (from …/archives/dia_0.96.1-3_i386.deb) …

Setting up dia-common (0.96.1-3) …

Setting up dia-libs (0.96.1-3) …

Setting up dia (0.96.1-3) …

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

dia.png

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Kivio is designed to run on KDE 3.5.8 but you still can run it on Gnome. It’s almost the same like VISIO in Windows. The main different that I like is ………it’s free.

Kivio is a flowcharting program that offers basic flowcharting abilities, but with a twist. Objects are scriptable, and a backend plugin system offers the ability to make objects do just about anything.

This application is part of the KDE Office Suite.

 

How to install it?

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get install kivio

[sudo] password for taufanlubis:

Reading package lists… Done

Building dependency tree

Reading state information… Done

kivio is already the newest version.

0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

kivio.png

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VLC can read various multimedia type such as mp3, divx, flv, oog, asf, wmv, mpeg-1, mpeg-2, mpeg-4, vob, VCD, DVD, etc… even you can play Google video.
I think VLC is very cool.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get install vlc

Reading package lists… Done

Building dependency tree

Reading state information… Done

Suggested packages:

mozilla-plugin-vlc

Recommended packages:

videolan-doc

The following NEW packages will be installed:

vlc

0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 6 not upgraded.

Need to get 0B/1162kB of archives.

After unpacking 3305kB of additional disk space will be used.

Selecting previously deselected package vlc.

(Reading database … 126705 files and directories currently installed.)

Unpacking vlc (from …/vlc_0.8.6.release.c-0ubuntu5_i386.deb) …

Setting up vlc (0.8.6.release.c-0ubuntu5) …

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

vl.png

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Tuxmath is an educational game. It’s almost the same like Tetris, only you don’t have to play with blocks.What you have to do is only answer every question that falls the top. I think it’s a good game to sharp your brain to think fast. After you install the application, you will get a new tuxmath menu under Applications > Games.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get install tuxmath

Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
tuxmath
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 1421kB of archives.
After unpacking 2101kB of additional disk space will be used.
WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated!
tuxmath
Install these packages without verification [y/N]? y
Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com gutsy/main tuxmath 1.0.1-1build1 [1421kB]
Fetched 1421kB in 19s (74.1kB/s)
Selecting previously deselected package tuxmath.
(Reading database … 111857 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking tuxmath (from …/tuxmath_1.0.1-1build1_i386.deb) …
Setting up tuxmath (1.0.1-1build1) …

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

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