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When I turn my laptop this afternoon, I suddenly lost my sound and got this ugly red cross beside my speaker.

volumewithredsign.png
When I double click the icon, I got this message.
screenshot-mixer_applet2.png

Then I open System > Preferences > Sound ……I lost my sound device.
I can’t run ‘alsamixer’ from the terminal, then I did log off and reboot the system …..
nothing to make the sound work.
The last thing I did was I regularly update my system using:
taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get update
taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get upgrade
taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

It’s normal daily routine that I do every day and I always use the ‘main server’ for my repository, so I’m very sure that it didn’t cause the problem.

When I googled, I found a solution in here. This blog belongs to Kamil.
http://linux.dsplabs.com.au/no-volume-control-gstreamer-plugins-and-or-devices-found-no-sound-or-voume-control-bug-on-ubuntu-p31/

He mentioned that it could probably a a Gnome bug and is most likely distribution independent. I agree that it may caused by independent distribution. When you install something using Sypnatic Package Manager, any programs that have been tested by Ubuntu Team and compatible with it has a Ubuntu logo beside the package title.

sypnatic.png

 

Because, there’s so many applications that I’ve run in my laptop.

But, who cares….. If you wanna try a new thing then you have to be ready with consequences.

 

The point is how we can fix the problem. So, here it is.

Problem 1. I don’t have any more access to my audio.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ ls -l /dev/snd
total 0
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 3 2007-12-20 12:51 seq
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 2 2007-12-20 12:51 timer

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

If you see the list in my /dev/snd directory, the access is only for root. Then I gave a new access to me (taufanlubis).

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo chmod -R a+rwx /dev/snd

for temporary access. But, I got a new error message.

nosound.png

Then I try to make it permanent.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo adduser taufanlubis audio

The user `taufanlubis’ is already a member of `audio’.

 

Strange, now I’m part of the groups but I still can’t hear the sound.

I though it’s caused by Gstreamer plugins.

So, I did update my system again ….

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get update

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get upgrade

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

…. and restart my laptop again.

 

Problem 2. I lost my sound device.

But, still there is no sound.

Then, I just realized that I don’t have my /dev/dsp, /dev/mixer, /dev/snd/pcm* anymore.

That’s why, I can’t run alsamixer from my terminal.

 

So, re-install my sound driver. Now, I got my device back.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ ls -l /dev/snd
total 0
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 0 2007-12-20 19:40 controlC0
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 4 2007-12-20 19:40 hwC0D0
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 5 2007-12-20 19:40 hwC0D1
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 24 2007-12-20 19:40 pcmC0D0c
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 16 2007-12-20 19:40 pcmC0D0p
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 30 2007-12-20 19:40 pcmC0D6c
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 22 2007-12-20 19:40 pcmC0D6p
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 1 2007-12-20 19:40 seq
crw——- 1 root audio 116, 33 2007-12-20 19:40 timer

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

 

 

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ ls -l /dev/dsp
crw——- 1 root audio 14, 3 2007-12-20 19:40 /dev/dsp
taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ ls -l /dev/mixer
crw——- 1 root audio 14, 0 2007-12-20 19:40 /dev/mixer
taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

 

Problem 3. I lost my access to System > Administration > Users and Groups.

I don’t know how but I don’t have any access to ‘Users and Groups’ which is bad because I can’t set the permission to my user login (taufanlubis).

The only way is I have to run it as ‘root‘. So, I opened my terminal, Application > Accessories > Terminal, login as root and open ‘users-admin’ application.

Then, I updated my ‘User Privileges’ and reboot the system.

users-admin.png

I have my sound back.

Checked again the permission.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ ls -l /dev/snd
total 0
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 116, 0 2007-12-20 19:40 controlC0
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 116, 4 2007-12-20 19:40 hwC0D0
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 116, 5 2007-12-20 19:40 hwC0D1
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 116, 24 2007-12-20 19:40 pcmC0D0c
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 116, 16 2007-12-20 19:40 pcmC0D0p
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 116, 30 2007-12-20 19:40 pcmC0D6c
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 116, 22 2007-12-20 19:40 pcmC0D6p
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 116, 1 2007-12-20 19:40 seq
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 116, 33 2007-12-20 19:40 timer

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ ls -l /dev/dsp
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 14, 3 2007-12-20 19:40 /dev/dsp
taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ ls -l /dev/mixer
crw-rw—- 1 root audio 14, 0 2007-12-20 19:40 /dev/mixer
taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

Everything is ok.

I have my sound icon back to normal. Test with xmms, …..done….. I can hear the sound again.

sound.png

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Sometimes I get bored with my login screen. Then I try to figure out, which is the most easy way to change it. Then I came out with this solution. For your information, all your login themes are stored in /usr/share/gdm/themes directory. For default, there are 6 themes that you can choose. You can download from the internet or create your own new one if you want to have more options.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ cd /usr/share/gdm/themes
taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/gdm/themes$ ls -l
total 24
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-12-01 07:54 circles
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-12-01 07:54 happygnome
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-12-01 07:54 happygnome-list
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2007-12-16 06:33 Human
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-10-16 06:21 HumanCircle
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2007-10-16 06:21 HumanList

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/gdm/themes$

You don’t have to change any xml scripts, all you have to do is just choose a theme and replace the background with your one picture. To see the available themes, open System > Administration > Login window then open the Local Tab. For this sample I choose Human theme.

loginscreen1.png

The idea is just replace the background.png with your picture. I suggest to make a copy of original background.png in case you want to use it back. You can’t drag your picture from your directory to /usr/share/gdm/themes/Human directory because you don’t have permissions to write to this folder.

 

loginscreen2.png
Open Application > Accessories > Terminal.
taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ cd /usr/share/gdm/themes/Human
taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/gdm/themes/Human$ ls -l
total 624
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 387387 2007-12-16 06:33 background.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 5910 2007-04-04 16:32 bottom_bar.svg
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 5221 2007-04-04 16:32 boundingbox.svg
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 289 2007-10-12 21:28 GdmGreeterTheme.desktop
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-10-16 06:21 gtk-2.0
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 4314 2007-04-04 16:32 Human.xml
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 412 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-language-active.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 412 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-language.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 414 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-language-prelight.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 292 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-reboot-active.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 316 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-reboot.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 295 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-reboot-prelight.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 819 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-session-active.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 575 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-session.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 819 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-session-prelight.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 387 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-shutdown-active.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 616 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-shutdown.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 576 2007-04-04 16:32 icon-shutdown-prelight.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 18023 2007-04-04 16:32 screenshot.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 134015 2007-04-04 16:32 ubuntu.png
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 2703 2007-04-04 16:32 userentry.svg

 

Step 1. Create a back up for your background image (if you need it).
taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/gdm/themes/Human$ sudo cp background.png background.png.backup
taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/share/gdm/themes/Human$

 

Step 2. Go to your Picture directory and copy the picture to theme directory to replace the theme background picture.
taufanlubis@toshiba:~/MyData/Pictures/Wallpaper Mac4Linux$ sudo cp Mac-OS-X-Tiger-2-1680×1050.jpg /usr/share/gdm/themes/Human/background.png

 

Your old file picture file name: Mac-OS-X-Tiger-2-1680×1050.jpg
Your new file name: background.png
The sharpness of the picture will be depend on the pixel size.
That’s it.
Now, you can log out to see your new login screen.

 

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This error occurs if you don’t have permission to access the Virtual Box. It happens be caused the you are not belong to the vboxusers group.

vbox_error.png
taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ ls -l /dev/vboxdrv

crw-rw—- 1 root vboxusers 10, 63 2007-11-27 21:04 /dev/vboxdrv

There are 2 ways to fix it.

First, give read and write permission to users.

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ sudo chmod a+rw /dev/vboxdrv

[sudo] password for taufanlubis:

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ ls -l /dev/vboxdrv

crw-rw-rw- 1 root vboxusers 10, 63 2007-11-27 21:04 /dev/vboxdrv

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

The first way is for temporary permission. Mean if you restart/turn on your computer the setting will be gone.

So, you have change the permission every time you start the Virtual Box.

 

Second, put your name into vboxusers group.Open System > Administration > Users and Groups > Manage Groups
vbox_error2.png

Click properties, mark your user name and click OK button to save the setting.

vbox_error3.png

 

Close all ‘User and Groups’ screen. Now, you don’t have to change the permission every time you run Virtual Box.

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Toshiba Satellite A200 and A205 series have problem with I ts sound when you install Ubuntu.

Because, the Realtek 268 codec from Intel ICH7 with Realtek chipset doesn’t support Ubuntu. So, if you want to get your sound back, you have to replace the codec with latest version from ALSA driver.

 

You can check your codec by typing:

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ cat /proc/asound/card0/codec#0 | grep Codec

Codec: Realtek ID 268

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

 

Check your sound card:

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ lspci

……

00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) High Definition Audio Controller (rev 02)

…..

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

 

Most modern distros come with soundcore compiled as a module. You can check it by typing:

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ modinfo soundcore

filename: /lib/modules/2.6.22-14-generic/kernel/sound/soundcore.ko

alias: char-major-14-*

license: GPL

author: Alan Cox

description: Core sound module

srcversion: 548AA54AF08207316C104F8

depends:

vermagic: 2.6.22-14-generic SMP mod_unload 586

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

If this command returns that you have this module, then you don’t need to recompile your kernel.

 

There few steps you need to follow:

Step 1. Download the latest driver from ALSA project.

ALSA (Advanced Linux Sound Architecture) provides audio and MIDI functionally to the Linux operating system. The web page address is: www.alsa-project.org

There 3 files that you have to download, alsa-driver, alsa-lib and alsa-utils.

alsa-driver-1.0.15.tar.bz2 2.6M

alsa-lib-1.0.15.tar.bz2 776K

alsa-utils-1.0.15.tar.bz2 991K

These are the latest update when I downloaded it.

 

Step 2. Copy the 3 files to alsa directory in /usr/src

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ cd /usr/src

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/src$ sudo mkdir alsa

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/src$ cd alsa

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa$ sudo cp /…your_alsa_location.../alsa-*

 

Step 3. Install the alsa-driver package

I suggest to use both bunzip2 and tar, not tar only.

cd /usr/src

mkdir alsa

cd alsa

cp /downloads/alsa-*

 

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa$ sudo bunzip2 alsa-driver-1.0.15.tar.bz2

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa$ sudo tar -xf alsa-driver-1.0.15.tar

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa$ cd alsa-driver-1.0.15/

I suggest to use root access level not sudo because I got problem when I used sudo.

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-driver-1.0.15$ su root

Password:

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-driver-1.0.15# ./configure –with-cards=hda-intel –with-sequencer=yes ; make ; make install

 

Step 4. Set permissions for dsp, mixer, sequencer and midi (if you use it).

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-driver-1.0.15# ls -l /dev/dsp /dev/mixer /dev/sequencer

crw-rw—- 1 root audio 14, 3 2007-11-25 21:09 /dev/dsp

crw-rw—- 1 root audio 14, 0 2007-11-25 21:09 /dev/mixer

crw-rw—- 1 root audio 14, 1 2007-11-25 21:09 /dev/sequencer

 

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-driver-1.0.15# chmod a+rw /dev/dsp /dev/mixer /dev/sequencer

 

Step 5. Install alsa-lib package

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-driver-1.0.15# cd ..

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa# bunzip2 alsa-lib-1.0.15.tar.bz2

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa# cd alsa-lib-1.0.15

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-lib-1.0.15# ./configure ; make ; make install

 

Step 6. Install alsa-utils package

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-lib-1.0.15# cd ..

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa# bunzip2 alsa-utils-1.0.15.tar.bz2

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa# tar alsa-utils-1.0.15.tar

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa# cd alsa-utils-1.0.15

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-utils-1.0.15# ./configure ; make ; make install

 

Step 7. Insert the modules into the kernel

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-utils-1.0.15# modprobe snd-hda-intel

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-utils-1.0.15# modprobe snd-pcm-oss

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-utils-1.0.15# modprobe snd-mixer-oss

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-utils-1.0.15# modprobe snd-seq-oss

 

Step 8. Adjust your sound card’s volume levels

You can quit now from root access level.

root@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-utils-1.0.15# exit

exit

All mixer channels are muted by default, so you must unmute the channels. You can use alsamixer from alsa-utils package.

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-driver-1.0.15$ alsamixer

alsa2.png

Step 9. Setting up modprobe and kmod support

If you don’t have /etc/modules.conf, just create a new one.

taufanlubis@toshiba:/usr/src/alsa/alsa-driver-1.0.15$ cd /etc

taufanlubis@toshiba:/etc$ sudo gedit modules.conf

#Alsa portion

alias snd-card-0 snd-hda-intel

alias snd-card-1 snd-cmipci

options snd-cmipci id=”firt” mpu_port=0x330

 

# OSS/Free portion

alias sound-slot-0 snd-card-0

alias sound-slot-1 snd-card-1

 

Create alsa file in /etc/modutils/

taufanlubis@toshiba:/etc$ cd modutils/

taufanlubis@toshiba:/etc/modutils$ sudo gedit alsa

#ALSA portion

alias char-major-116 snd

alias snd-card-0 snd-hda-intel

#module options should go here

 

#OSS/Free portion

alias char-major-14 soundcore

alias sound-slot-0 snd-card-0

 

#card #1

alias sound-service-0-0 snd-mixer-oss

alias sound-service-0-1 snd-seq-oss

alias sound-service-0-3 snd-pcm-oss

alias sound-service-0-8 snd-seq-oss

alias sound-service-0-12 snd-pcm-oss

Step 10. Reboot your computer.

You will get the sound after you boot your computer.

 

Now, you have a new sound Codec for your sound card.

alsa01.png

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$ cat /proc/asound/card0/codec#0 | grep Codec

Codec: Realtek ALC268

taufanlubis@toshiba:~$

 

Happy trying.

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What is Grub?

Grub is abbreviaton of “GRand Unified Bootloader”. It is used as a bootloader.

The location of grub is in /boot/grub

taufanlubis@zyrex:~$ cd /boot/grub

taufanlubis@zyrex:/boot/grub$ ls -l

total 224

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 197 2007-07-31 11:29 default

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 15 2007-07-31 11:29 device.map

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 8660 2007-07-31 11:29 e2fs_stage1_5

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 8452 2007-07-31 11:29 fat_stage1_5

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 15 2007-07-31 11:29 installed-version

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 9152 2007-07-31 11:29 jfs_stage1_5

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 4383 2007-09-30 07:37 menu.lst

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 4383 2007-09-30 07:37 menu.lst~

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 5145 2007-09-11 21:42 menu.lst.backup

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 7860 2007-07-31 11:29 minix_stage1_5

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 10132 2007-07-31 11:29 reiserfs_stage1_5

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2007-09-21 11:43 splashimages

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 512 2007-07-31 11:29 stage1

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 110132 2007-07-31 11:29 stage2

-rw-r–r– 1 root root 9980 2007-07-31 11:29 xfs_stage1_5

taufanlubis@zyrex:/boot/grub$

 

If you use more than 1 Operating System, you can set your choice in ‘menu.lst’ file.

Always make a back up before you work with a file system.

taufanlubis@zyrex:/boot/grub$ sudo cp menu.lst menu.lst.backup

 

Open the menu.lst file.

taufanlubis@zyrex:/boot/grub$ sudo gedit menu.lst

# default number

# Numbering starts from 0, and the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.

default 0

## timeout sec

# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry

# (normally the first entry defined).

timeout 20

# Pretty colours

color white/blue

 

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic

root (hd0,3)

kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-15-generic root=UUID=3bde3b2e-927d-4869-9635-6f7db9d5ed36 ro quiet splash

initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-15-generic

quiet

savedefault

 

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic (recovery mode)

root (hd0,3)

kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-15-generic root=UUID=3bde3b2e-927d-4869-9635-6f7db9d5ed36 ro single

initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-15-generic

 

title Ubuntu, memtest86+

root (hd0,3)

kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin

quiet

 

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

 

If you upgrade your kernel, you will get another choice of running Ubuntu. Either you want to go with your old kernel or start with a new one. Automatically added to menu.lst

taufanlubis@zyrex:/boot/grub$ sudo apt-get update

taufanlubis@zyrex:/boot/grub$ sudo apt-get upgrade

taufanlubis@zyrex:/boot/grub$ sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

New Kernel menu added after the upgrade proccess has done. You will see it after you reboot your Ubuntu.

Before the menu.lst was:

  • Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic

  • Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic (recovery mode)

  • Ubuntu, memtest86+

     

My new menu:

  • Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-16-generic

  • Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-16-generic (recovery mode)

  • Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic

  • Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic (recovery mode)

  • Ubuntu, memtest86+

     

You have 2 new menus but Ubuntu still keep also the old one.

If you don’t need it any more just remove it.

taufanlubis@zyrex:/boot/grub$ sudo gedit menu.lst

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-16-generic

root (hd0,0)

kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-16-generic root=UUID=3bde3b2e-927d-4869-9635-6f7db9d5ed36 ro quiet splash

initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-16-generic

quiet

savedefault

 

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-16-generic (recovery mode)

root (hd0,0)

kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-16-generic root=UUID=3bde3b2e-927d-4869-9635-6f7db9d5ed36 ro single

initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-16-generic

 

#——remove this part – START——————————————————————-

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic

root (hd0,0)

kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-15-generic root=UUID=3bde3b2e-927d-4869-9635-6f7db9d5ed36 ro quiet splash

initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-15-generic

quiet

savedefault

 

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic (recovery mode)

root (hd0,0)

kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-15-generic root=UUID=3bde3b2e-927d-4869-9635-6f7db9d5ed36 ro single

initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-15-generic

#——remove this part – END——————————————————————-

title Ubuntu, memtest86+

root (hd0,0)

kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin

quiet

Save it. Now you only have the menu for the latest kernel.

 

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I’ve my apache2 installed in my computer at the first time I install Ubuntu. Then, I remove it when I start to use XAMPP. I like to use Xampp because it’s more easy to use and the good thing is, it’s separate from the Ubuntu System. So, when you don’t need, just remove the its directory, and that’s it.

Then, when I make an article about Apache2 in my Blog, I installed the apache2 using ‘sudo apt-get install apache2′ command line in my terminal.

 

The whole process is run smoothly. But, I can’t get into the web server service when I put standard url “localhost‘ in my Firefox. I tried to run it manually through ‘/etc/init.d/apache restart‘, there was no error message, but still the server didn’t run. I tried to re-install it again but still couldn’t run. When I checked at ‘/var/run/‘ the ‘apache2.pid‘ was not there.

 

Then I decided to install it manually using apache2 packages that come from Ubuntu Live CD.

You will need 4 packages to run it and you have to install it from the first package (apache2-utils_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386.deb ) until at the last one (apache2_2.2.3-3.2build1_all.deb ).

  • apache2-utils_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386.deb

  • apache2.2-common_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386.deb

  • apache2-mpm-prefork_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386.deb

  • apache2_2.2.3-3.2build1_all.deb

 

taufanlubis@zyrex:~$ sudo dpkg -i apache2-utils_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386.deb

Selecting previously deselected package apache2-utils.

(Reading database … 155074 files and directories currently installed.)

Unpacking apache2-utils (from apache2-utils_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386.deb) …

Setting up apache2-utils (2.2.3-3.2build1) …

 

taufanlubis@zyrex:~$ sudo dpkg -i apache2.2-common_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386.deb

(Reading database … 155099 files and directories currently installed.)

Preparing to replace apache2.2-common 2.2.3-3.2build1 (using apache2.2-common_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386.deb) …

Unpacking replacement apache2.2-common …

Setting up apache2.2-common (2.2.3-3.2build1) …

Installing new version of config file /etc/init.d/apache2 …

 

taufanlubis@zyrex:~$ sudo dpkg -i apache2-mpm-prefork_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386.deb

(Reading database … 155099 files and directories currently installed.)

Preparing to replace apache2-mpm-prefork 2.2.3-3.2build1 (using apache2-mpm-prefork_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386.deb) …

Unpacking replacement apache2-mpm-prefork …

Setting up apache2-mpm-prefork (2.2.3-3.2build1) …

 

taufanlubis@zyrex:~$ sudo dpkg -i apache2_2.2.3-3.2build1_all.deb

(Reading database … 155099 files and directories currently installed.)

Preparing to replace apache2 2.2.3-3.2build1 (using apache2_2.2.3-3.2build1_all.deb) …

Unpacking replacement apache2 …

Setting up apache2 (2.2.3-3.2build1) …

 

Then when I put ‘localhost’ at my Firefox a ‘common message that I’ve been looking for’ came out displayed on the Firefox, ‘It works!‘.

Well, I got my apache2 back again…..

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I realized this thing when I got problem with my laptop’s cooling fans. I use both XP and Ubuntu. And for your information, I still use Pentium IV. The problem was the air tunnel was dirty, so the air circulation was not maximum.

 

When I used XP, I still can work for hours even with heavy programs.

When I worked with Ubuntu, I only can work for max 30 minutes. Especially, when I open few programs.

I could see from the temperatur indicator in Ubuntu Panel. It increased bit slowly until it automatically turn off.

Does Ubuntu need more source of CPU compare to windows XP?

 

I don’t think so. What I think is, in windows, all devices are supported with its original driver. Mean, all devices could work efficiently and use all its capability.

When, I work with Ubuntu, all devices worked with standard driver. Of course, it will need more sources from the CPU.

Well, that’s only what I think.

Do you think the same think with what I think?

 

 

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