Input is the entering data into the program and variable is temporary place for storing the data. There are 2 data that you can enter, string and number.
See the sample variables below:
a is number and b is string.
See the sample input below:
my_string=raw_input(“What is your name?”)
my_number=input(“Enter your number?”)
raw_input() function will give a string and input() function will give a number.
Now, let’s try directly in the idle.
Open Idle editor.
Select File > New Window.
In the new window, type the codes below:
print “Welcome to Python”
s=raw_input(“Please, enter your name? “)
print “Hi..”,s,” Nice to meet you”
n=input(“Please, enter your favorite number? “)
print “Your favorite number + 3 =”,n+3
In the ‘New window’, select ‘Run > Run Module‘.
If there is no error, you will see the result in the Idle main screen.